Change Is Coming*



Nothing is certain. The politician you are heavily accusing of corruption now could become the leader that could usher in PH’s golden age. The politician you staunchly support and go great lengths to defend could become the one who would rip the country apart and drag everything to a pool of mud. And that politician you’ve dismissed because you think would die soon might actually live much longer than what you had expected. We will never know, really! It’s curious how uncertainty can be so certain, no? But one thing is definite though: change is indeed coming regardless of who sits in Malacañang. We can only hope that that change is a good one.


*Note:  Although it is used by a Presidentiable as a slogan, the title of this blog entry is not in any way an endorsement of the said candidate.  

Even the Falling of a Leaf

We may not always understand or discover why things happen the way they do, but there really is a reason for everything… and yes, even the falling of a leaf carries one. I never realized how much grace and beauty were involved in the process until I read this.

* * *

“Professor: Have you ever wondered why some trees shed their leaves during the winter? This occurs for many reasons, but the main reason trees do this is to protect themselves.


photo taken at Volkspark Humboldthain in Berlin (2015)

You know, most tress that lose their leaves are in cold climates. During the long, cold winters, the air in these places becomes very dry. This causes the leaves of trees also to become dry. To keep the leaves alive, the trees have to give them a lot of moisture. The problem with this is that the trees could lose too much moisture and die. So instead of giving moisture to the leaves, the trees keep the moisture inside… They keep it in their trunks and branches. After a while, the leaves start to die. As the leaves die, they fall to ground around the trees. When this happens, the leaves actually help the trees survive. How, you may ask? Well, the leaves form a protective layer around the roots of the trees. This allows the roots to stay warm. So, by losing their leaves, the trees are able to live through the winter.”

(Passage taken from a TOEFL book I read a couple of days ago.)

Painting Berlin

Ask anyone where they can see art and they will probably immediately answer “inside a gallery or a museum.”  The streets, the façades of buildings, or doors of houses won’t exactly be considered as suitable canvasses or places to exhibit art works.  But for many Berliners, they are precisely that.

I had the opportunity to visit Germany a few months ago.  I didn’t have any expectations of what the country would be like before flying there.  I knew little about it: World War II, the Cold War Era, and of course, beer and sausages, were the only associations I had.  Street art, which greatly fascinates me, was completely absent from that list.

Berlin, where I spent majority of my stay, apparently is home to world famous street art and/or graffiti art.  I got to know more about these images and the stories behind them, as well as the different techniques involved in the creation of these unique and engaging murals through a couple of walking tours of alternative Berlin.   One tour (Real Berlin Experience) presented the non-touristy side of the city, and the other focused more on street art.  The latter even included a workshop, which taught the participants the basics of street art.

The following images show the various examples of street art scattered in the city particularly in the areas of Prenzlauerberg, Kreutzberg, and Lichtenburg, where the Black Market Collective Gallery, the venue of the Street Art Workshop, was located.  Other art works were also photographed somewhere in Mitte and Friedrichshain during the times when I was out exploring the city by myself.

Mauer Park


Real Berlin Experience Tour



Street Art Tour 


Street Art Workshop


Exploring Berlin on my own


My Favorites



Note: I can no longer remember the details of the tours since this happened several months ago (and no one takes notes during tours, anyway!) so if you see any error or would like to add any information regarding the art work or the exact location of these pieces, feel free to comment. 







Imagine, Manila

“Vision is the art of seeing things invisible.” – Jonathan Swift

“I’ve been to the Philippines, but only in Palawan.  It was goorrgeeous!  You should go there!”  A foreigner I met once in one of my travels encouraged the other foreigners who were with us that afternoon.  He couldn’t stop praising the beauty of the island.  Being the only Filipina in the group, I naturally felt proud.  And then he said, “I actually went to Manila one time.  The traffic was insane!  It was chaos out there!  Kinda messy too.”    He didn’t elaborate further, and I was glad that he no longer did.  As someone who lives in Metro Manila, I know too well what he was talking about.

Congested traffic – what’s new?  Improvements to public transportation are being introduced such as more modern buses, but generally, the situation has remained the same.  In addition, we still have problems concerning garbage disposal, pollution, flooding, neglected sidewalks and bridges, informal settlers, the destruction of heritage buildings, just to name a few.

Everyone knows the plagues that ail Metro Manila, and yet the same problems occur every year just the same; it’s only the leaders who sit in the city halls who do change.  Lack of political will, the absence of cooperation between the leaders and the citizens, a corrupted system may all be the main culprits, but quite possibly too, the absence of a strong vision.  What do we really want our cities to look like?  To be like?

Often, many social projects are short-term, and are coterminous with the leader in charge.  When that politician is replaced and another is elected, a completely new set of projects are carried out, and the previous administration’s – even if its projects are actually effective – are no longer continued, which actually wastes a lot of time and resources.

Some projects are also not studied carefully first before executing them.  For instance, constructing numerous footbridges in one stretch of road only to remove all of them in the end because a new MRT line is soon going to be built can be considered neither efficient nor practical.

Government projects should be done with the citizens in mind and how these are going to affect the whole system for years to come; actions should not be based solely on convenience.  When it comes to providing infrastructure and social services, “YOLO” should not be the guiding principle of leaders.  Think long-term, please!

Recently, a video has gone viral on social media, and it invites people to envisage a new Manila, a better one.  Aptly titled, Redesign Manila, this video, according to its creators from Go Motions Productions, “aims to showcase and invite Filipinos to re-imagine and revive beautiful Manila.”


While not all may see the Manila in the video as the best version of what the city could be, what is beautiful here is not the video itself, but the challenge that the production team has posed to the people who view it.   It dares people to think of a better situation, making others see that it is a possibility and that people should not simply accept the way things are at the moment.  There is a call to IMAGINE, to create a VISION, and that is what is important.  Albert Einstein could not have said it any better:

“Logic will get you from A to B.  Imagination will take you everywhere.”

Now, whether that imagination that the citizens and leaders of Metro Manila have conjured will remain a fantasy or not, is all up to us.




For more information on Redesign Manila, visit its Facebook page.
Other sites you might find interesting:
On pedestrian welfare: Walk Manila
On Heritage Conservation: Metamorphosis, Escolta, Heritage Conservation Society, Heritage Conservation Society Youth

On the Road to Progress

How to get to P. Guevarra St? I wondered after my friends and I had set a place where we could all meet and catch up on things. I knew it was somewhere in San Juan but didn’t know how to get myself from where I live to that place. As many other people of this day and age, the Internet was my go-to reference.

A map of Metro Manila popped up on the screen showing the path I should take to get to my destination. Accompanying the map was a written description: Take R-7, go straight to Yada-Yada Ave., turn right on Blah-Blah St., and so on and so forth. On the map, it looked fairly easy. I planned my trip: Take the MRT, get off at Santolan, and then just take a taxi to take me directly to the place. According to Google Maps, this almost 20km trip would more or less take me 45 minutes.

But Google Maps is not a Manileña. It is ignorant to the ills of the streets and public transportation system of the city. With the long queues that plague the MRT stations, and the insufferable traffic situation in every corner imaginable, the trip would take far longer than Google Maps had calculated. Taking the taxi, too, meant that I had to shell out a couple of hundred pesos even if the distance was only short considering how highly probable it was to be stuck in a gridlock.



Suddenly, I terribly missed something I got to experience in my one of my travels abroad – Germany’s excellent public transportation system.

I recently had the opportunity to go to Germany a while back, and I got to visit many remarkable places during my stay there.  It has many well-preserved historical buildings, museums, restaurants, entertainment centers, shops, and tourist destinations.  It’s also clean and organized.  Despite its many attractions, the things that appealed to me the most are the simple things, the basic features that a healthy city should have – beautiful parks, sidewalks, bike lanes, (functioning!) traffic lights, pedestrian lanes, garbage bins, and the brightest star of them all, a highly efficient mass transport system.

Being used to riding only jeeps, FX, and MRT, I must admit that initially, the country’s transport system confused me.   Although commuting in other countries wasn’t new to me, it had been a long time since I did some traveling abroad.   The confusion at one point even turned into fear when I knew that I had to go places all by myself  because 1) there was no one who could accompany me tour the city and 2) I wanted to challenge myself and try something I would not typically do even if it meant getting lost and/or getting lost in translation.

Germany has various modes of public transportation: U-bahn (subway), S-bahn (railway similar to MRT), trams, buses, the ICE (regional trains), and taxis, and all are integrated (except for the taxis).   One ticket will allow you to ride any (Tickets for the ICE are a little different, though) and they can be bought from vending machines in all the U-bahn and S-bahn stations, central bus and train stations, and even inside the trams and buses themselves.  Because vending machines are widely available, there’s no more need to queue to buy tickets.


Time is also highly valued there: all modes of transportation have strict schedules to follow.   When a train is meant to arrive in 3 minutes, it really is going to arrive in three minutes.  In case it arrives earlier than the intended schedule, let’s say, a minute earlier, it won’t immediately go.  Instead, it will wait for that one minute to be up; that’s the time that it would start running.

Everything is meticulously planned, and everything is religiously carried out.  Street signs are clear, and there are maps and information services available.  Their public transport system is so convenient that even if you are not familiar with the place, you can easily find your way around.  In Berlin, where I spent majority of my stay, the company that runs the transport system BVG has a website and an app, which you can visit or download.  You can plot your journey using either of the two, so you would exactly know how to get to your destination down to the last minute.  If you’re old school or don’t have a smart phone like me, a handy map will do just fine.

Transportation in and the streets of Berlin are commuter-friendly that even persons with disabilities (PWDs) and the elderly will have no difficulty traveling at all.  Not a single overpass is in sight, but pedestrian lanes are everywhere.  Traffic lights are present in almost every corner, too.  Some buses also tilt, so that it can level with the sidewalk, allowing PWDs, the elderly, and people with huge luggage, strollers, bicycles, and dogs to enter and exit the vehicle hassle-free.

I cannot express how I loved commuting in Berlin – something I cannot say for Metro Manila, unfortunately.  Whenever I was out touring Berlin,  I kept on thinking “Hey, this can be done in QC” or “Why can’t we have this feature in Manila?” or “Why can’t the city government have the political will to clean up the sidewalks?  Why can’t the government construct sidewalks?!?”

Majority of the metro is sadly unsafe for commuters and pedestrians.  Buses and jeeps act as if they own the road, and private vehicles continue to swell in number, choking the roads (and no, making them wider is not the best solution!)

traffic_nuremberg constr

Despite an on-going road repair and having only 1 lane functioning, cars in this area never got entangled with each other.  Many roads there are narrow, and yet there was never a time when I saw any one of them congested.  

If traffic is an indication of economic progress, then Metro Manila should be extremely prosperous by now.  However, that is not the case.  The city is not abundant in wealth but in countless of people constantly late for work and appointments, harassed and tired even before getting to their destinations; tons of exhaust gases that attack the lungs, and a great deal of wastage of – ironically – money.  Every day, people have to battle with this urban monster, which seems to worsen every year.  It has gotten so bad, in fact, that two months ago, many urbanites (including I) suffered several hours of horrendous gridlock, which has come to be known as “Carmageddon.”   Although heavy rain was partly to blame, it was mostly due to poor drainage system, absence of enforcers, and moreover, lack of discipline for some motorists and pedestrians alike.

Being stuck in terrible traffic is sadly becoming the norm in Metro Manila.  Road constructions and water pipe repairs that take forever to finish, jaywalkers, no proper PUV stops and stations, and poor railway maintenance are just some of the main causes of a commuter’s hellish everyday travel experience, which should NOT be.

While it is obvious that the government has not done its part in building proper infrastructures and enforcing the law, motorists and pedestrians are also to blame.  People do not know how to discipline themselves; road courtesy and consideration are brushed aside.  Motorcycles and jeeps use the sidewalks as an escape from the traffic jam.   When a person doesn’t have any parking space, she/he uses the street as her/his garage.  Drivers overtake and create their own counter flow!  Dios mio!

I remember someone telling me before that in the Netherlands, when trams arrive late even for a minute or two, people would immediately write to the authorities to express their dissatisfaction.  But here in Metro Manila, people have endured it for so long, and even when people are already crying out, complaints land on deaf ears.  Someone who learned about the Carmageddon in Manila while I was in Berlin asked me this:  Isn’t that a cause for a revolution already?  It should be!

Having a properly working and inclusive public transportation system is the lifeline of any place.  It is the vein from which the blood flows to the heart of the city and beyond.   The metro’s traffic problem is something that both the government and the people should resolve unless we really want to see the heart stop beating soon.


A developed country is not a place where the poor have cars.  It is where the rich use public transportation.

~ para­phrased from Enrique Peñalosa, for­mer Mayor of Bogotá, Colombia


A Letter to the Mayor

No city is flawless.

No matter how simple or advanced it may be, its people will still find reasons to complain about something – horrendous traffic jams, lack of green spaces, expensive cost of living, the occasional delay of the trains even by one minute, among many others, can be a cause of dissatisfaction for the population.

Oftentimes, however, people complain about the issues of their communities to their families, friends, and colleagues; post their exasperation on social media – and that’s perfectly all right – but seldom do they discuss these issues to the agent that can (hopefully) give a resolution – the city government itself.

I reside in the one of the big cities of the country, and I have my fair share of discontent.  I’ve lived here for a long time, but it was only last year that I had the idea of contacting the city mayor.  It happened that I finally grew tired of enduring some of my city’s problems namely traffic, trash, stray animals, and illegal vendors.

And I guess that’s the problem with many of us – we endure things that shouldn’t be put up with.  We let these tiny things pass, thinking that they will eventually go away.  But they don’t; instead they pile up and become worse, and although we are faced with these unpleasant situations, we become too familiar with them until they pervade the system and become part of our daily lives.  A culture.  Eh ganun na talaga eh. 

Below is a copy of the letter I wrote to our mayor.   I intended to write him as early as May last year, but I only got to write down my observations and complaints sometime last October 2014.  I sent it via the official email address written in the city government’s website.  I wanted to send a copy of the email to the Metro Manila Development Authority, too but the only contact details it had on the website were telephone numbers (as if the Chairman would really talk to me on the phone to discuss my concerns).  I sent a copy of the letter to the vice mayor, just for good measure.

It is quite long, but I had the slightest hope that despite its length, the authorities will take time to read it, and hopefully, act upon the issues contained therein.  Unfortunately, five months have passed and I have yet to hear a word from them.  Maybe the mayor and the vice mayor are swamped with work.  Maybe the official website was not updated and my email got lost in cyberspace.  Maybe they did read it but did not even have the time to acknowledge it.  Whatever the reason for their lack of response, I do not know. What I do know is that it is just frustrating and disappointing.   It makes me wonder then that if this simple act of communication is not acted upon, how much more the bigger things?

This is one major reason why people resort to mass media as a way to resolve social issues.  The authorities are not doing what they should be doing; let us report them to TV Patrol!    And most of the time, it works!  Watch the news or listen to the AM radio and you will hear all sorts of complaints about the government or an agency’s non-action and several weeks after (sometimes it doesn’t even take days), a bridge is fixed, a manhole is covered up, a road is repaired.

Does the local government really need to be poked by the media before they take action?  Should the authorities be shamed first before they can fulfill their responsibilities?  Can’t they have more initiative?  Be more proactive?  Be more sensitive?

I am posting my letter not because I have hopes that it would finally get to its destination and get noticed.  No, I’m merely venting out, but if it does land on the proper desk, then that’s good.  If it doesn’t, then it doesn’t.  I do hope though that people who may read this post may also be encouraged to let their voices out.  Speak up against things that they think are wrong.  Speak up to praise things that have been done right.   Writing a simple letter is merely one small way of showing that you care.  Because if the authorities don’t, and we don’t too, who else will?

(Note: In the interest of fairness, months after I had sent my email, I noticed some changes in some areas: a spot near the Sandiganbayan Footbridge got cleaned up (there used to be just piles of trash and soil there!), exit and entry signs have been put up at the Commonwealth service road, and no more illegal vendors on a certain footbridge on the same road.  However, lots of vendors mushroomed on a sidewalk near that footbridge, which makes me think that the old footbridge vendors only transferred there.  Also, there still much to be done about the proper and stricter implementation of loading and unloading practices.

Has my letter been read after all?  I don’t know.  There’s no way of telling, but at least, I’ve seen some slight changes!  Nevertheless, much work still needs to be done.)

ps. Some details have been removed for privacy reasons.

Dear Mayor Herbert Bautista:

Good day!

My name is […] every day, when I go to work, I am assaulted by some of the different challenges that our city needs to address.

Cleanliness, traffic jams, illegal vendors, and stray animals –  these are a few things that I would like to bring to your attention, sir.  And I hope that you would take the time to read the concerns of a constituent whose primary intention is the same as yours: to make QC better.


Many places in QC are littered with garbage whether they may be a main thoroughfare, a tiny street corner, waterways, and even footbridges.  One of the biggest questions I have in mind when it comes to cleanliness is this: why can’t there be any trash bins scattered around the city instead?  I’ve seen big cigarette bins (courtesy of MMDA) in some parts of Commonwealth – which is rather ironic because we have anti-smoking campaigns – but not trash bins.  

Why can’t we do the same thing for our litter problem?  I think having trash cans can help solve it a bit.  Apart from the apathy that some people have about the environment, I think one simple reason that people litter, too, is the absence of a place where they can dump their trash!  Not everyone can simply keep their trash inside their bags, and definitely not all trash can be kept inside a bag, so having properly segregated trash bins can help in lessening trash in the streets.  Huge “’Wag magtapon ng basura dito” signs are utterly useless if we cannot point the proper place where people can actually throw their garbage.  By placing trash bins, you will be able to train the people to be more responsible, make the street sweepers’ job relatively easier, and make the surroundings cleaner.

On another note, may I also know what’s being done with the money being collected when we purchase plastic bags from some stores?  Also, QC has recycling programs too, am I right?  Has it been effective in reducing the waste of the city?


I use public transportation and every time I go to work, I encounter dreadful traffic jams along Commonwealth Ave.  Despite its vastness, it still gets heavily congested especially the lanes dedicated to PUVs.  From Litex until Sandiganbayan, for instance, the service lanes are cramped with buses and jeepneys that carelessly pick up and drop off passengers anywhere they please.  The traffic enforcers who are supposed to manage traffic simply look on and wave their hands to the drivers gesturing them to move, which PUV drivers do not heed, anyway.  Also, since the service road is often blocked, some drivers then pick up and drop off passengers outside of the service road, blocking traffic there as well!

There are also numerous loading stations along that stretch of road but only very few of them are used.  The lack of discipline by the drivers is further amplified by the lack of discipline by some commuters who hail their ride under footbridges or on the street itself instead.  People then occupy a significant portion of the road, run after buses and jeeps, and jostle their way just to be able to hitch a ride!  It’s impossible!

And that’s just a small portion of the southbound lane of Commonwealth Ave.    On the other side of the street, in front of Ever Commonwealth for example, the same thing happens:  there’s no fixed area where the commuters can wait for a ride forcing them to wait on the road instead.  Many jeepneys, on the other hand, use the loading/unloading zone as their terminals and parking space.  Both commuters and jeepneys then have to play patintero with each other.  And the buses?  As always, they drop off / pick up their passengers in the middle of the road, blocking numerous vehicles behind them.  While all this chaos is happening, the traffic enforcers are either just standing there or reminding the drivers and commuters with the use of a megaphone to move forward or walk further!

Illegal vendors:

There are traffic jams on the streets and they’re also present on footbridges!  Illegal vendors occupy the space that is supposed to be for pedestrians.  People cannot walk properly because they have to avoid products that are either sprawled on mats or placed on stands attached to the fence of the footbridge.  So, on the footbridge, you have to avoid two things: piles of garbage and an assortment of merchandise!

Stray animals:

Everywhere you look, there are dogs and cats that roam our streets.  Many of them are neglected by their irresponsible owners and are left to suffer and/or fend for themselves.  They live in danger all the time, and some unfortunate ones end up as road kills.   Do we have a decent animal shelter that can take care of these helpless animals?  Is it possible to have an affordable neutering / spaying program for dogs and cats in QC, so that the population of these animals can also be controlled?

The issues I have raised are not new problems.  They have been here for a long time.  What I don’t understand is why until now, despite the numerous change in leadership, these problems persist.

I can see some improvements here and there (Manggahan and Litex have become a little bit cleaner since summer of this year) but overall, it seems like things have pretty much remained the same at least in the areas I have mentioned.

As I have said, I have lived in QC all my life.  I know I should have gotten used to this mess somehow, but I haven’t, and I refuse to get used to it because this is not how a decent city is supposed to be!

Quezon City has recently celebrated its 75th Anniversary.  I hope it doesn’t take another 75 years to see some real changes around here.

Thank you for taking the time to read this.  God Bless.